Cyberlepsy Media Home of  Anaphase Publishing, Zills on Fire™, and CyberScribe Author Services

Anaphase Publishing
A Division of Cyberlepsy Media
4669 Cherokee Avenue, Suite E
San Diego, CA 92116-3654
USA

Anaphase
Publishing

CyberScribe

Zills
on Fire CD

Mastering
Belly Dance
Rhythms DVD

I Was a Horse
in a Former Life

Using Equine Science
to Improve Your Art


by Lily Splane

Table of Contents

(page numbers tentative)

Introduction  1

Chapter 1: A Brief History of the Horse  2

Horse Evolution  2

Illustrated Horse Lineage  5

Equus  5

Plesippus  5

Dinohippus  5

Merychippus  5

Mesohippus  5

Hyracotherium (Eohippus)  5

Visual Evolution of the Horse, diagram 1  6

Horse Cladogram, diagram 2  7

Domestication  8

Chapter 2: Anatomical Planes—Matter in Space  10

Chapter 3: Conformation and Proportion  12

How a Horse is Built  12

Horse Conformation

Horse Conformation: Rear and Front

Horse from Above and Beneath

Horse Superficial Muscles  13

Horse Superficial Muscles—Posterior and Anterior    Views  14

Superficial Muscles of the Legs  15

Rear Leg—Lateral View  15

Front Leg—Lateral View  15

Front Leg—Medial View  15

Rear Leg—Medial View  15

Composite Muscle and Skeleton of the Horse  16

Horse Skeleton  17

Comparative Anatomy: Horse and Human Skeletons     18

Achieving Proper Proportion  19

Horse Stats for Artists  21

Mathematical Conformation: In Search of the    “Perfect” Horse  22

Anatomical Comparisons  24

Gender Differences in Conformation  24

Conformation and Age  26

Uh Oh…  27

Chapter 4: Observing and Recreating  28

Horse Body Textures  28

Bones  28

Muscles  28

Tendons  29

Ligaments  29

Veins  29

Follicles and Whiskers  29

Mane and Tail  30

Horn  30

Eye  30

Environmental Influences  31

Anatomical Points to Consider for the Artist  31

Coat  31

Coat Growth Direction Diagram with    Common Whorls (Front View)  32

Coat Growth Direction Diagram with    Common Whorls (Side View)  33

Head  35

Eye and Vision  41

Ears  46

Neck, Chest, and Barrel  47

Hooves  49

Front Legs  52

Chestnuts—Placement and Size  55

Hind Legs and Rump  56

Real-Life Horse Experience for the Artist  59

Watch, Listen, Sense  59

Learn Through Touch  59

Stage 1  60

Stage 2  60

Stage 3  60

Interacting with a Horse  61

The Benefits of Riding  62

Chapter 5: A World of Variety—The Breeds  63

Select Breeds of the World  63

Wild and Feral Breeds  64

Przewalski’s Horse  64

American Mustang  65

Florida Cracker (Chickasaw Horse)  66

Camargue  67

Australian Brumby  68

Afro-Arab Breeds  69

Arabian  69

Barb  70

Andalusian  71

Asia Minor and Asian Breeds  72

Akhal Teke  72

Marwari  73

Mongolian Horse  74

Anglo-American Breeds  75

Thoroughbred  75

Cleveland Bay  76

Standardbred  77

Morgan  78

Hackney  79

Quarter Horse  80

Georgian Grande  81

Bashkir Curly  82

Criollo  83

Gaited Breeds  84

Saddlebred  84

Tennessee Walking Horse  85

Missouri Fox Trotter  86

Rocky Mountain Horse  87

Campolina  88

Paso Fino  89

Peruvian Paso  90

Mangalarga Marchador  91

Color Breeds  92

Appaloosa  92

Paint (Quarter Horse Conformation) 93

   Knabstrupper  94

European Breeds  95

Hanoverian  95

Lipizzaner  96

Lusitano (Lucitano)  97

Sorraia  98

Friesian  99

Kladruber (Oldkladruby)  100

Gypsy Vanner  101

Trakehner  102

Oldenburg  103

Freiberger (Franches-Montagnes) 104

Holsteiner  105

Konik  106

Haflinger  107

Norwegian Fjord  108

Icelandic Horse  109

Pony Breeds  110

Shetland  110

Dartmoor/Exmoor  111

Welsh  112

Connemara  113

Galiceño  114

POA (Pony  of the Americas)  115

Fallabella  116

Draft Breeds  117

Clydesdale  117

Shire  118

Belgian  119

Percheron  120

Suffolk Punch  121

Ardennais (Ardennes)  122

Page 1

Page 2

Page 2