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Belly Dance
Rhythms DVD

BELLY DANCE
RHYTHM RESOURCE

What Every Dancer Should Know
for a Memorable Performance

By Richard Adrian Steiger, M.A.

Table of Contents

SECTION I: Music Fundamentals

Introduction

Chapter 1: The Basics

Three Musical Essentials for Dancers

Final Thoughts

Chapter 2: The Shapes of the Dumbek Family

The Drum

The Shapes

Cone

Hemisphere

Cylinder

Globe

Regionality

Northern Preferences

Southern Preferences

Northeastern Preferences

Maghreb Preferences

Conclusion

Chapter 3: Tabla or Tablas?

Chapter 4: Five Frames

Standard Riq

Tunable Riq

Tar

Daf

Daireh

Bendir

Chapter 5: Fundamental Skills

Pulse

Beat

Tempo

Cycle

Rhythm

Chapter 6: The Beat and Its Divisions

Concept # 1

Concept # 2

Concept # 3

Concept # 4

Concept # 5

Concept # 6

Chapter 7: Cycles

Chapter 8: Rhythm

Chapter 9: A Rhythmic Guide

SECTION II: Basic Rhythms

Chapter 10: Baladi

Chapter 11: Maqsum

Chapter 12: Sa’idi

Chapter 13: Ayyub

Chapter 14: Malfuf

Chapter 15: Masmudi—The “Mother Rhythm”

Chapter 16: Masmudi’s Influence

Chapter 17: Chiftetelli

Tempo and Cycle

Melodo-Rhythmic Variation

Alternation and the “Empty Beat”

Conclusions

Recorded Examples

SECTION III: Complex Rhythms

Chapter 18: Karshlamá (9/8 Rhythm)

Chapter 19: Persian Shish-Hasht (6/8)

Chapter 20: Flavors of Seven

Chapter 21: Five and Ten

Chapter 22: Jurjuna: The Ten-Beat Cycle

Chapter 23: Eleven

SECTION IV: Specialized Rhythms: Ethnic & Folk Dance

Chapter 24: Danse Zar—The Fascinating Rhythm

Chapter 25: Fêllâhi

Chapter 26: Fezzani and Fêllâhi

Chapter 27: Khalîjî

Chapter 28: Karachi

Chapter 29: Chobiyyah and Bambi

Chapter 30: Chobiyyah Malfuf—A Variation

Chapter 31: Debke—The Dance and the Rhythm

Chapter 32: Danse Orientale Boléro

Chapter 33: Shish-Hasht and Bandari—Persian Rhythms

SECTION V: Dance Music Analysis

Chapter 34: Relationships—Masmudi

Chapter 35: Rhythmic Ambivalence

Chapter 36: Cross-Rhythm

Chapter 37: The Hidden Rhythm

Chapter 38: Belly Dance Rhythmic Patterns—Visualization

Time Unit Boxes (TUBs)

Cipher Notation

Western Notation

Chapter 39: Raks Mustafa—Analysis of a Classic Belly Dance Routine

Chapter 40: Live Drum Solos

Chapter 41: Drum Solo Survival

Chapter 42: Finger Cymbals—Zilling Possibilities

Chapter 43: A Musical Exercise for Dancers—Recitation

Chapter 44: Trading Rhythms—Dialog Between Dancer and Drummer

Chapter 45: The Drum Takht (Ensemble)

Background

Live Performance

Notation

Electronics and Hybrids

Conclusion

Chapter 46: The Sources and History of Rhythms

Arabic

Turkish

Persian

Conclusion

SECTION VI: Review & Summary

Chapter 47: Review and Summary

Theory and History

Music Basics

Music Notation

Learning Rhythms

Instruments

The Dumbek Family

Tombak

Frame Drums

Rhythms

Masmudi—The “Mother Rhythm”

Sa’idi

Chiftetelli

Karachi

Complex Rhythms

Karshlamá

Persian 6/8 Rhythm

Seven (7/8 Rhythm)

Folk-Dance Rhythms: Debke, Chobiyyah, & Jurjuna

Boléro

Zar and Ayyub

The “Hidden” Pattern

Rhythmic Ambivalence

Cross-Rhythm

Drum Solos, Zils, Call & Response, Hocketing

Drum Takht

Belly Dance Routines

In Conclusion

About Richard Adrian Steiger

REFERENCES